MLA Style Formatting Guide

The Modern Language Association (MLA) Style uses in-text citations and a Works Cited list at the end of the document, which provides full details of all the sources cited in the paper.


Jump to: Books | Journals | Websites | Newspapers


Overview:

Works Cited:

  • The recommended heading for the bibliography / reference list is Works Cited.
  • Each citation / reference should be formatted with a hanging indent.
  • The name of the first author is inverted to list the family name first. If additional authors exist, their names are not inverted.


Books


Rule for Works Cited Entry:
To cite a book, list the following elements in order:
    1. Name(s) of the author(s) (Author #1 Last Name, First Name);
    2. Title of the book (italicized);
    3. Place of publication;
    4. Publisher's name;
    5. Date of publication;
    6. Medium of Publication.


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Journals / Periodicals


Rule for Works Cited Entry:
To cite a journal / periodical, list the following elements in order:
    1. Name(s) of the author(s) (Author #1 Last Name, First Name);
    2. Title of the article (in quotations);
    3. Title of the publication (italicized);
    4. Volume number;
    5. Issue number;
    6. Date of publication (within parentheses);
    7. Page number(s);
    8. Medium of Publication.


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Websites / Online Resources


Rule for Works Cited Entry:
*Please note: The use of URLs in MLA citations is no longer required. If still required, MLA suggests that the URL appear in angle brackets after the date of access.
To cite a website, list the following elements in order:
    1. Name(s) of the author(s) (Author #1 Last Name, First Name);
    2. Title of the webpage (italicized);
    3. Name of the website;
    4. Date of publication;
    5. URL;
    6. Medium of Publication;
    7. Date accessed.


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Newspapers


Rule for Works Cited Entry:
To cite a newspaper, list the following elements in order:
    1. Name(s) of the author(s) (Author #1 Last Name, First Name);
    2. Title of the article (in quotations);
    3. Name of the newspaper (italicized);
    4. Date of publication;
    5. Page number(s);
    6. Medium of Publication.


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